At times, children can be really difficult to talk to, mostly when they are tired, hungry or upset. Even the most behaved kids can experience authority issues, talking back or defying parents and teaches. However, if your child constantly experiences episodes of angry or disruptive behavior towards any authority figures, he may be suffering from the oppositional defiant disorder.
In case you have a child diagnosed with this health issue, you probably need expert help. Treatment of oppositional defiant disorder can be quite complex, including therapy and training for positive family interactions, as well as various medications.
A defiantly child will always show hostile and uncooperative behavior towards authority figures. This behavior will interfere with everyday tasks, being persistent and lasting for several months. Some of the most common symptoms of the oppositional defiant disorder are listed below:
- Frequent temper tantrums;
- Refusal to comply with rules or adult requests;
- Excessive arguing with adults;
- Annoying adults deliberately;
- Blaming anyone else for his/her mistakes;
- Frequent anger and resentment;
- Mean and hateful attitude;
- Revenge seeking;
- Questioning rules constantly;
- Aggressive behavior toward peers;
- Difficulty maintaining friendship;
- School problems;
- Low self-esteem.
One of the most important things parents should understand is that a child will see his behavior as absolutely normal. Consequently, your claims that he may have a defiantly attitude will be considered unreasonable.
There are a series of risk factor that grow the potential of being diagnosed with this type of disease. Some of the main such factors include:
- Financial problems in the family;
- Being abused or neglected;
- Poor supervision or poor positive parental involvement;
- Marriage problems for the parents;
- Family history with ADHD or oppositional defiant disorder;
- Instability in the child’s family;
- Stressful changes.
The proper diagnosis is set by specialists basing on the symptoms experienced by patients, as well as their behavior pattern. Diagnosing this disease as soon as possible is highly important. In the lack of therapy, symptoms can become worse, while irritability increases. In some cases, the oppositional defiant disorder occurs along other mental problems, including attention deficit, as well as anxiety and depression. The earlier the disease is managed, the quicker a cure will be obtained.
Treatment for the oppositional defiant disorder includes various types of therapies. Treatment can last several months, in some cases even for a longer period of time. However, remaining committed to the recommended therapy is crucial in overcoming the disease.
Treatment can include individual and family therapy, parent-child interaction therapy, cognitive problem-solving training, social skills training, as well as parent training. During such therapies patients will learn how to avoid power struggles, how to remain calm and unemotional, how to accept other people’s choices, but also how to connect with others.
How to help?
Parents can help their children in a number of ways. Actually, parents need to offer their kids all the support and understanding they need. A child suffering from oppositional defiant disorder will need to feel that his positive behavior, when shown, is appreciated by his parents. Parents should set limits, a routine and spend as much time possible with their child. Avoiding struggles is extremely important, too. Managing stress with healthy life choice, opting for regular exercises and a healthy diet, will also help.
Most defiantly children will respond in a positive manner to the treatment. Therapy is extremely important for the entire family, so its benefits should not be ignored.